The city of Iaşi is
the main city of the north-east part of the country, in a hills
region, an old city with a strong cultural tradition. The city
has a surface of 3.770 ha and a population of
The Palace of
The Palace was
inaugurated in 1926 by the Romanian king Ferdinand de
Hohenzollern. It was built on the ruins of an old Moldavian
castle (1434), in neogothic flamboyant style, with ornamental
details, designed by the architect I.D.Berindei. Today is the
site of important museums and exhibitions.
Cathedral of Moldavia and Bucovina
cathedral, in baroque style, was finished in 1887, after a final
design by Alexandru Orascu, in the time of Carol I regency. Was
painted inside by the Romanian master Gheorghe Tatarascu and the
relics of Saint Paraschiva, the protector of Moldavia are
Alecsandri" National Theatre
The building is the
oldest and the most beautiful theatre in the country, finished
in 1896, after a design of the Wiener architects Fellner and
Helmer, who had also designed theatres of Wien, Prague, Odessa,
Zurich. The curtain was painted by Wiener master M. Lenz, the
iron curtain and the ceiling were painted by Al. Goltz and the
main candelabrum is of Wiener crystal, with 109 bulbs. Theatre
and Opera are both working here.
The Roznovanu Palace (The Mayor House)
neoclasic palace, rich decorated inside, built in the last three
decades of the XVIIIth century, after a design by Johan Freywald.
Was property of noble Rosetti - Roznovanu family, of royalty and
finally of the state. Its walls were silent witnesses of
important historical events of the country.
"The Three Hierarchs Saints" Monastery
Was built between
1637-1639, in the kinghood of Vasile Lupu and covered by gold
inside and outside (the exterior gold was spoiled later by
Ottomans). The external decoration represents a stone lacery,
with more then 30 different motifs, which made it unique. Inside
are graves of Moldavian kings (and members of their families)
and also the grave of the first king of united Romanian
countries, Alexandru Ioan Cuza (1859-1866).
archaic rock house, built in the second half of the XVIIth
century and belonging initially to the "Saint Nicolae Lordly"
Church. Here worked in 1679 a typography, were a few of the
first books in Romanian language were printed, by the humanist
metropolitan bishop Dosoftei. Today is an old Romanin literature
museum, containing old original important manuscripts.
The "Saint Nicolae Lordly" Church
The oldest religious
monument in Iaşi, built in the years 1491-1492 by the most
important Moldavian king, Ştefan cel Mare, is an coronation
church. It was renovated at the end of the XIX century and
masterly re-painted inside by the France painters Boris Bernard,
Emilie Mempiot and P. Mauretal.
The "Bărboi" Church
A monumental church
with Doric columns supporting the porch was built between years
1841-1844, on the foundation of an older church (1615). Here are
buried the Romanian writer Alecu Russo and the king Ioan Sandu
Sturdza and in the tower was found the library of Romanian
writer Costache Conachi.
The church of the monastery was built by the Moldavian boyar
Ioan Golia, in the XVIth century and monumentally re-constructed
by Moldavian king Vasile Lupu, between years 1650-1653.
Monastery is surrounded by a tall wall with spires and a bells
tower of 30 m height and 120 inside steps, from where the whole
"city of the seven hills" can be admired.
The "Mihai Eminescu" Main University Library
Is one of the most
important four libraries in the country and has a very valuable
old books collection. The building has the aspect of a king
house and was built by the Romanian engineer Emil Prager between
years 1930-1934, after a design of Romanian architect Constantin
Jotzu, realized for the University Foundation of the Romanian
king Ferdinand I Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
The "Al. I. Cuza" University
Is the oldest
University in Romania, founded at the 26 of October 1860 by the
first king of the united kingdom of Romania, Alexandru Ioan Cuza.
The actual monumental building of university was built between
years 1893-1897, after a design by Louis Blanc, and inaugurated
by king Carol I. Inside can be admired the famous "Lost Steps
Hall", wall painted by Sabin Bălaşa. In the front of the two
entrances of the University are watching the statues of
A.D.Xenopol, sculpted by C.Baraschi, and of M. Kogalniceanu,
sculpted by W.Hegel.
The “Copou” Park
and Eminescu’s linden tree
The area became a
park around years 1833-1834 and was transformed in a modern
Mihalache Sturza. It’s well known for its statues (the
“Junimea” path, with the statues of the most important Moldavian
writes, linked by the city of Iasi) and fir its stone obelisk
with four lions, representing the four European nations which
have recognized the Romanian countries independence.
In this park,
under his linden tree which still lives today, the Romanian
greatest poet Mihai Eminescu used to rest and meditate. An
Eminescu museum was open here today.
Garden of Iasi
The first botanical
garden was organized in Iasi in the XVIIth century. It was moved
in the actual area in the year 1960 and covers a surface of 105
ha, being one of the greatest in the world. It is organized in
three departments: green hoses, with 12 compartments; ornamental
area of 4.5 ha, with 2200 different species; roses area, with
800 sort of noble roses.
Was built between
years 1669-1672 by Moldavian king Gheorghe Duca. The
architectonic ensemble was realized as a fortified lordly
residence, with king residence and outbuildings. Today can be
visited here also a monastery museum and the whole city of Iaşi
can be admired from its hill.
The “Ion Creangă”
The little house in
traditional Moldavian style is the memorial house of the
great Romanian writer Ion Creangă, who lived here between years
1872-1889. It was built before 1850 in the Ţicău slum, also
called “The Wiping Valley”. The house was organized as a
memorial house in 1918 and is the first of this kind in the
A lot of many other
memorial houses, museums, monuments, monastery and churches can
be visited in the area, witnesses of past time rich of important
historical and cultural events. Only a few are mentioned here
- “Mihail Sadoveanu”
Kogalniceanu” Memorial House
- “Vasile Pogor”
Memorial House and the Literature Museum of Moldavia
"Hlincea" Monastery with the holy icon
and list can continue.